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    According to PortSwigger:  "SQL injection is a code injection technique, used to attack data-driven applications, in which malicious SQL statements are inserted into an entry field for execution."  And according to the SQLMap description:  "sqlmap is an open source penetration testing tool that automates the process of detecting and exploiting SQL injection flaws and taking over of database servers."

    This isn't a 101 of SQL Injection, if you're familiar with SQLMap, you've moved past 101.  This is the method I use when I leverage SQLMap.  I've seen other syntax for performing these tasks but I prefer to capture the POST request in Burp, dump the contents into a file, and then point SQLMap to my text file POST request.

    We execute SQLMap, we point it to our captured POST request, -p equals the parameter where we think we can inject, The -level flag is for the level of tests to perform (1-5).  The -risk flag is for the level of risk (1-3).  The --dbs flag is used for enumerating databases.  And while not stated, if we knew the database server, we could do something like:  DMBS=MySQL which would narrow down the attack.  The threads flag should be self-explanatory. 

    We kick off our scan and immediately, SQLMap believes we can inject:

    Eventually, the output provides us with a list of databases:

    SQLMap stores that information and we can build upon it.  We change our syntax a bit and we're attempting to dump the database columns:

    Eventually, we get the database columns:

    And finally, we come back once more and we're going to dump the contents of a table that looks interesting to us:

    We end up with:

    And now we have a hash to crack. 

    On some older servers, we have ability to read and write into the file system and in some cases, we can execute the os-shell command which drops us onto the server.  You are not going to find these parameters functional unless you find a very old server.  Or perhaps one that's been intentionally configured or poorly configured to allow for this functionality to work.

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